A Good Pilot is Always Learning


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A-19 Change 2 (6/12/2017) Appendix 7: Aircraft, Equipment, and Operational Requirements & Limitations Aircraft Requirements & Limitations 14 CFR part 61, section 61.45 prescribes the required aircraft and equipment for a practical test. The regulation states the minimum aircraft registration and airworthiness requirements as well as the minimum equipment requirements, to include the minimum required controls. Multiengine practical tests require normal engine shutdowns and restarts in the air, to include propeller feathering and unfeathering. The Airplane Flight Manual (AFM) must not prohibit these procedures, but low power settings for cooling periods prior to the actual shutdown in accordance with the AFM are acceptable and encouraged. For a type rating in an airplane not certificated with inflight unfeathering capability, a simulated powerplant failure is acceptable. If the multiengine airplane used for the practical test does not publish a V MC , then the "Limited to Centerline Thrust" limitation will be added to the certificate issued from this check, unless the applicant has already demonstrated competence in a multiengine airplane with a published V MC . If the aircraft presented for the practical test has inoperative instruments or equipment, it must be addressed in accordance with 14 CFR part 91, section 91.213. If the aircraft can be operated in accordance with 14 CFR part 91, section 91.213, then it must be determined if the inoperative instruments or equipment are required to complete the practical test. Equipment Requirements & Limitations The equipment examination should be administered before the flight portion of the practical test, but it must be closely coordinated and related to the flight portion. The aircraft must: • be of U.S., foreign, or military registry of the same category, class and type, if applicable, for the certificate and/or rating for which the applicant is applying; • have fully functional dual controls, except as provided for in 14 CFR part 61, section 61.45 (c) and (e); • be capable of performing all Areas of Operation appropriate to the rating sought and have no operating limitations, which prohibit its use in any of the Area of Operation, required for the practical test; and • be a complex airplane (as defined in 14 CFR part 61, section 61.1) or turbine-powered airplane, furnished by the applicant, for the performance of takeoffs, landings, and the appropriate emergency procedures. For an additional airplane class rating, an applicant is not required to provide a complex airplane or turbine-powered airplane, unless adding a multiengine class rating to a Commercial Pilot Certificate with a single-engine class rating to enable completion of the Tasks in Areas of Operation IX and X. To assist in management of the aircraft during the practical test, the applicant is expected to demonstrate automation management skills by utilizing installed, available, or airborne equipment such as autopilot, avionics and systems displays, and/or flight management system (FMS). The evaluator is expected to test the applicant's knowledge of the systems that are installed and operative during both the oral and flight portions of the practical test. If the practical test is conducted in an aircraft, the applicant is required by 14 CFR part 61, section 61.45(d)(2) to provide an appropriate view limiting device acceptable to the evaluator. The applicant and the evaluator should establish a procedure as to when and how this device should be donned and removed, and brief this procedure before the flight. The device must be used during all testing that requires flight "solely by reference to instruments." This device must prevent the applicant from having visual reference outside the aircraft, but it must not restrict the evaluator's ability to see and avoid other traffic.

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