A Good Pilot is Always Learning


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IV. Takeoffs, Landings, and Go-Arounds 23 Task D. Soft-Field Approach and Landing (ASEL) References FAA-H-8083-2, FAA-H-8083-3; POH/AFM Objective To determine that the applicant exhibits satisfactory knowledge, risk management, and skills associated with a soft-field approach and landing with emphasis on proper use and coordination of flight controls. Knowledge The applicant demonstrates understanding of: CA.IV.D.K1 A stabilized approach, to include energy management concepts. CA.IV.D.K2 Effects of atmospheric conditions, including wind, on approach and landing performance. CA.IV.D.K3 Wind correction techniques on approach and landing. Risk Management The applicant demonstrates the ability to identify, assess and mitigate risks, encompassing: CA.IV.D.R1 Selection of runway based on pilot capability, aircraft performance and limitations, available distance, and wind. CA.IV.D.R2 Effects of: CA.IV.D.R2a a. Crosswind CA.IV.D.R2b b. Wind shear CA.IV.D.R2c c. Tailwind CA.IV.D.R2d d. Wake turbulence CA.IV.D.R2e e. Runway surface/condition CA.IV.D.R3 Abnormal operations, to include planning for rejected landing and go-around. CA.IV.D.R4 Collision hazards, to include aircraft, terrain, obstacles, and wires. CA.IV.D.R5 Low altitude maneuvering/stall/spin. CA.IV.D.R6 Distractions, loss of situational awareness, and/or improper task management. Skills The applicant demonstrates the ability to: CA.IV.D.S1 Complete the appropriate checklist. CA.IV.D.S2 Make radio calls as appropriate. CA.IV.D.S3 Ensure the aircraft is aligned with the correct/assigned runway. CA.IV.D.S4 Scan the landing runway and adjoining area for traffic and obstructions. CA.IV.D.S5 Consider the wind conditions, landing surface, obstructions, and select a suitable touchdown point. CA.IV.D.S6 Establish the recommended approach and landing configuration and airspeed, and adjust pitch attitude and power as required to maintain a stabilized approach. CA.IV.D.S7 Maintain manufacturer's published airspeed, or in its absence, not more than 1.3 V SO , +/-5 knots, with wind gust factor applied. CA.IV.D.S8 Maintain crosswind correction and directional control throughout the approach and landing. CA.IV.D.S9 Make smooth, timely, and correct control inputs during the round out and touchdown and, for tricycle gear airplanes, keep the nose wheel off the surface until loss of elevator effectiveness. CA.IV.D.S10 Touch down with minimum sink rate and no drift, with the airplane's longitudinal axis aligned with the center of the runway. CA.IV.D.S11 Maintain elevator as recommended by manufacturer during rollout and exit the "soft" area at a speed that would preclude sinking into the surface. CA.IV.D.S12 Execute a timely go-around if the approach cannot be made within the tolerances specified above or for any other condition that may result in an unsafe approach or landing. CA.IV.D.S13 Maintain proper position of the flight controls and sufficient speed to taxi on the soft surface.

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