A Good Pilot is Always Learning

instrument_study_guide_westwind_ar

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Instrument Airplane study guide Planning an IFR Flight Preflight Planning Required by FARs §91.103: • Weather reports and forecasts • Known traffic delays as advised by ATC • Runway lengths of intended use • Alternatives if flight cannot be completed as planned • Fuel requirements • Takeoff and landing distance data in the approved aircraft flight manual Planning Steps 1. Check enroute chart 2. review approach plates 3. ETE 4. alternate requirements 5. File with fss 6. Obtain Weather 7. Check for SID and DP's- Ensure you look for Terrible T's and A's and A N/A's 8. Plan Route - Consider: Take off mins, enroute weather, obstacle clearances, navigational aids 9. Enroute Consideration: - Obstructions clearance, Navigation aids, Freezing levels 10. Approaches - Consider: Weather mins, , is an alternate required (1-2-3 rule), other ways to get into field, check foot notes on approach plates 11. IFR – 1000ft 3 miles visibility IFR Flight Plans: • No person may operate in controlled airspace under IFR unless that person has filed an IFR flight plan AND received an appropriate ATC clearance. • A flight plan should be filed at least 30 min in advance. ATC will generally delete it 2 hours after estimated departure time. • Pick up your IFR clearance 10 minutes before departure. Usually it will stay in the system for 2 hours from the time you pick it up. • If on a VFR/IFR composite flight plan, close the VFR 5 minutes before the IFR portion. • When filing IFR plan, file the plan and then request Wx brief because FSS will now know your intended route. Filing an Alternate Airport: • if 1 hour before and 1 hour after time of intended landing at primary airport the weather is predicted to be below 2000' ceiling and 3 SM visibility. (1-2-3 rule ,Filing an alternate airport is required). • Or if the primary airport does not have a published instrument approach. You always have to file an alternate airport regardless of the weather • The exception to filing an alternate without an instrument approach is if a descent can be made from the MEA and land at the airport visually (VFR) Alternate requirements • When an alternate is required, check the approach plate to see if the airport can legally be filed as an alternate. Look for (A NA) It needs to have approved weather reporting.

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