A Good Pilot is Always Learning


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Instrument Oral Questions The test will be of a practical nature, asking questions based on a practical IFR flight. All answers should be of a conservative nature. What are the required aircraft inspections for today's IFR flight? Within the preceding 24 calendar months, each transponder, each static pressure system, each altimeter instrument, and each automatic pressure altitude reporting system has been tested and inspected.(FAR 91.411), ELT, VOR, Annual or 100 hour inspection. What is the required recent pilot experience? Six approaches within the past six months with holding and intercepting and tracking courses. (61.57c) Does tracking a localizer count for tracking a course? YES What are the ways to accomplish a VOR check? VOR test signal (VOT) +/- 4°, a designated VOR system checkpoint on an airport +/- 4°, an airborne checkpoint +/- 4°, use a prominent ground point along a selected radial +/- 6°, Dual VOR check +/- 4°.Each person making the VOR operational check shall enter the date, place, bearing error, and sign the aircraft log or other record. Out of the several ways to check a VOR, which one is the best? VOT ground check When do you need to include an alternate airport in your IFR flight plan? 1,2,3 rule When the weather at the destination airport within 1 hour before and 1 hour after the ETA is forecast to be less than 2000' ceiling and visibility is forecast to be less than 3 miles. Can you file an IFR flight plan to a non-IFR airport? YES – but you must file an alternate airport. How much fuel is required for the IFR flight? Enough to reach destination + alternate + 45 minute reserve What are the speed categories based on when flying a non-precision approach? Groundspeed If you are flying a non-precision DME approach, how long should you be level prior to reaching the MAP? 1 mile from the missed approach point (MAP) If you are flying a non-precision timed approach, how long should you be level prior to reaching the MAP? 1 minute prior to reaching the missed approach point (MAP) How long before the flight should you file your IFR flight plan? 1 hour minimum Can you depart an airport in uncontrolled/Class G airspace and enter the clouds without getting your IFR clearance? YES – but not very safe. (FAR 91.175 (f) only restricts part 121, 125, 129 and 135 aircraft) It is perfectly legal to fly IFR in glass G airspace, including departure and instrument approaches. It is commonly done in some areas (Alaska). You don't need an IFR flight plan in class G (and ATC would not issue one anyway). You must meet ALL of the usual currency and equipment rules. If you are "cleared as filed", does this guarantee route and altitude? NO – only the route

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