A Good Pilot is Always Learning


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Airplane IFR quick-review study sheets | page 2 | visit pilotscafe.com for more cool stuff V1.4 copyright 2011 .com IFR flight plan ™ Required before entering controlled airspace under IFR (a clearance is also required) (§91.173) ™ How to file? o FSS (in person, radio or phone) o DUATS (online) o Through radio/phone with ATC o File at least 30 min. prior to est. departure time ™ Stored in the system for 1.5 hours from proposed time of departure. ™ Cancelation (AIM 5-1-14) o Towered airports – automatically canceled by ATC upon landing. o Non-towered airports – you must contact ATC/FSS to cancel. o Can cancel anytime not in IMC and outside class A airspace. ™ Preferred IFR routes are published in the Airport/Facility Directory (AFD). If a preferred route is published to your destination, you should file it in your flight plan. 0°-179° Odd thousnads or Flight Levels 180°-359° Even thousnads or Flight Levels IFR cruising altitudes (Based on Magnetic Course) (§91.179) IFR minimum altitudes Minimum prescribed, or if none: Mountainous areas: 2,000ft above highest obstacle within 4NM of course. Non-mountainous areas: 1,000ft above highest obstacle within 4NM of course. (§91.177) IFR minimum fuel requirements (§91.167) Fuel from departure airport to destination Fuel from destination to alternate (if required) :45 Minutes of fuel at normal cruise 18 thou or 179 d snad gh 179° d snads ght C ng on Magnetic C gn Ma ls 91 Levels Levels (§91 Do you need an alternate? ("1-2-3" or "1-2003" rule) §91.169 •If within 1 hour before to 1 hour after ETA forecasted weather is less then: 2000 ft ceiling and/or 3 SM visibility you need an alternate! Yes. minimum weather conditions required at an airport to list it as an alternate: The alternate airport minima specified in the procedures, or, if none: •Precision approach: 600 ft ceiling and 2 SM visibility •Non-precision approach: (must be other than non-WAAS GPS) 800 ft ceiling and 2 SM visibility •No instrument approach at the alternate: ceiling & visibility allowing descent from MEA, approach and landing under basic VFR. Obstacle Departure Procedures (ODP) (AIM 5-2-8) ™ Only provides obstruction clearance. ™ May be flown without an ATC clearance unless a SID or other instructions are assigned. (e.g. radar vectors) ™ Graphic ODP denote "Obstacle" in the chart title. ™ All new RNAV ODPs are available in graphical form. ™ Found in the front of NACO chart booklets, arranged alphabetically by city name. ™ Jeppesen charts show ODPs under the airport diagram (x0-9) page, or, at larger airports, on a separate chart. Standard Instrument Departures (SID) (AIM 5-2-8) ™ Provide obstruction clearance and helps reducing radio congestion and workload by simplifying ATC clearances. ™ Pilot NAV SIDs – Pilot navigates by charted routes with minimal radio instructions. ™ Vector SIDs –Navigation is based on radar vectors. Routes are not printed on the chart. ™ Some SIDs depict non-standard radio failure procedures. ™ File "NO SIDs" in the remarks of your flight plan if you choose not to use them. ™ RNAV SIDs and all graphical RNAV ODPs require RNAV 1 performance. (±1 NM for 95% of the total flight time). Standard Terminal Arrivals (STAR) (AIM 5-4-1) ™ Serves as a transition from the en route structure to a point from which an approach can begin. ™ Transitions routes connect en route fixes to the basic STAR procedure. ™ Usually named according to the fix at which the basic procedure begins. ™ As with SIDs, you may state "No STARs" in your flight plan remark section if you choose not to use them. ™ RNAV STARS require RNAV 1 performance.

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