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Airplane IFR quick-review study sheets | page 1 | visit pilotscafe.com for more cool stuff V1.4 copyright 2011 .com Min. aeronautical experience required for an airplane instrument rating: ™ 50 hours x-country PIC time. ¾ Of which, 10 hours in airplanes. ™ 40 hours actual or simulated instrument time ¾ Of which 15 hours with CFII ƒ Including one x-country flight of: x 250 NM x Along airways or by directed ATC routing x An inst. App. At each airport x 3 different kinds of approaches using nav. systems x With a filed IFR flight plan ¾ 3 hours in last 2 cal. Months prior to the practical test (§61.65) Instrument PIC recency of experience: ™ Last 6 calendar months (under actual/simulated instrument or Flight Training Device/simulator, in the same aircraft category), logged: ("6 HITS") ƒ 6 instrument approaches. ƒ Holding procedures & tasks. ƒ Intercept & Track courses through the use of electronic navigation Systems. ™ Or, using an ATD (basically an approved PC-based flight simulator + hardware) in the last 2 calendar months prior to the flight: ƒ 3 hours instrument experience. ƒ Holding procedures & tasks. ƒ 6 instrument approaches. ƒ 2 unusual attitude recoveries in a descending Vne condition. ƒ 2 unusual attitude recoveries in an ascending stall speed condition. ™ Not current looking back 6 months? You can still log the requirements (6 HITS) and get current with a safety pilot (under simulated conditions), instructor or pilot examiner. ™ The safety pilot must be at least a private pilot with the appropriate category and class. He must have adequate vision forward and to each side of the aircraft. When using a safety pilot, the aircraft must have dual-control system. ™ Looking back 12 cal. months not current? You need an Instrument Proficiency Check (IPC) by a CFII, examiner or approved person. ™ Certain IPC tasks, found in a table at the end of the instrument PTS, can be completed in an approved flight simulator or FTD. However, a full IPC can only be conducted in certain full-motion simulators or in the actual aircraft, since some tasks (such as circling maneuvers) cannot be completed on low-end FTDs and simulators. ™ To carry passengers as PIC ƒ 3 takeoffs and landings in last 90 days in the same category, class and type (if type rating required). ƒ At periods between 1 hour after sunset to 1 hour before sunrise: 3 takeoffs and landings to a full stop during 1 hour after sunset to 1 hour before sunrise in the last 90 days. ™ To act as PIC – flight review in the last 24 cal. Months (see FAR for exceptions) (§61.56, §91.109, §61.57) Logging instrument time- A person may log instrument time only for that flight time when the person operates the aircraft solely by reference to instruments under actual or simulated instrument flight conditions. Personal documents required for flight: ™ Pilot certificate ™ Medical certificate ™ Authorized photo ID (passport, driver's license, etc) ™ Restricted radiotelephone operator license (for flights outside the U.S.) (§61.3 and FCC) Aircraft documents required for flight: A.R.R.O.W- ™ A- Airworthiness certificate ™ R-Registration certificate ™ R-Radio station license (for international flights) ™ O-Operating limitations & AFM ™ W-Weight & Balance data (§21.5, §91.103, §91.9, §91.203, FCC form 605) Aircraft maintenance inspections required for IFR: A.V.I.A.T.E- ™ A-Annual inspection every 12 cal. Months (§91.409) ™ V-VOR every 30 days (§91.171) ™ I-100 hour inspection (§91.409) ™ A-Altimeter, altitude reporting and static system every 24 cal. months (§91.413) ™ T-Transponder every 24 months (§91.413) ™ E-ELT every 12 months (§91.207) Preflight info required for IFR: (§91.103) W.K.R.A.F.T- ™ W- Weather reports and forecasts. ™ K- Known traffic delays as advised by ATC. ™ R- Runway length of intended use. ™ A- Alternatives available if flight cannot be completed as planned. ™ F- Fuel requirements ™ T- Takeoff and landing performance data. Preflight self-assessment: I.M S.A.F.E- ™ I- Illness ™ M- Medication ™ S- Stress ™ A- Alcohol ("8 hours bottle to throttle"; no more than .04% of alcohol in blood) ™ F- Fatigue ™ E- Emotion Risk management & personal minimums P.A.V.E- ™ P- Pilot (general health, physical / mental / emotional state, proficiency, currency) ™ A- Aircraft (airworthiness, equipment, performance) ™ V- EnVironment (weather hazards, terrain, airports / runways to be used & other conditions) ™ E- External pressure (meetings, people waiting at destination, etc.) Airplane IFR quick-review sheets

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