A Good Pilot is Always Learning

Private Pilot Airplane Airmen Certification Standards 6/16

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In assessing the applicant's performance, the evaluator should take note of the applicant's use of CRM and, if appropriate, SRM. CRM/SRM is the set of competencies that includes situational awareness, communication skills, teamwork, task allocation, and decision making within a comprehensive framework of standard operating procedures (SOP). SRM specifically refers to the management of all resources onboard the aircraft as well as outside resources available to the single pilot. [back] Deficiencies in CRM/SRM almost always contribute to the unsatisfactory performance of a Task. While evaluation of CRM/SRM may appear to be somewhat subjective, the evaluator should use the risk management elements of the given Task(s) to determine whether the applicant's performance of the Task(s) demonstrates both understanding and application of the associated risk management elements. Multiengine Considerations On multiengine practical tests, where the failure of the most critical engine after liftoff is required, the evaluator must consider local atmospheric conditions, terrain, and type of aircraft used. The evaluator must not simulate failure of an engine until attaining at least V SSE /V XSE /V YSE and an altitude not lower than 400 feet AGL. For multiengine practical tests conducted in the airplane, the evaluator will set zero thrust after the applicant has simulated feathering the propeller following a simulated engine failure. The applicant must demonstrate feathering one propeller in flight unless the manufacturer prohibits this action. Practical tests conducted in a flight simulation training device (FSTD) can only be accomplished as part of an approved curriculum or training program. Any limitations or powerplant failure will be noted in that program. [back] VIII. Emergency Operations - Powerplant Failure—Multiengine Airplane In a multiengine airplane or FSTD equipped with propellers (including turboprop), the applicant must demonstrate feathering one propeller and engine shutdown unless: • The practical test is for a type rating, and • The airplane used for the practical test was not certificated with inflight unfeathering capability. In this situation, the applicant may perform a simulated powerplant failure. In all other cases, the applicant must demonstrate the ability to safely feather and unfeather the propeller while airborne. For safety reasons, when the practical test is conducted in the airplane, the applicant shall perform Tasks that require feathering or shutdown only under conditions and at a position and altitude (i.e., no lower than 3,000 feet AGL) where it is possible to make a safe landing on an established airport if there is difficulty in unfeathering the propeller or restarting the engine. If it is not possible to unfeather the propeller or restart the engine while airborne, the applicant and the evaluator should treat the situation as an emergency. Practical tests conducted in a FSTD can only be accomplished as part of an approved curriculum or training program. Any limitations on powerplant failure will be noted in that program. Engine failure (simulated) shall be accomplished before reaching 50 percent of the calculated V MC. Single-Engine Considerations VIII. Emergency Operations - Powerplant Failure—Single-Engine Airplane For safety reasons, the evaluator will not request a simulated powerplant failure in a single engine airplane unless it is possible to safely complete a landing. High Performance Aircraft Considerations In some high performance airplanes, the power setting may have to be reduced below the ACS guidelines power setting to prevent excessively high pitch attitudes (greater than 30° nose up. [back] A-18

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