A Good Pilot is Always Learning

Private Pilot Airplane Airmen Certification Standards 6/16

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The required minimum elements to include in the POA from each applicable Task are as follows: • At least one knowledge element; • At least one risk management element; • All skill elements unless otherwise noted; and • Any Task elements in which the applicant was shown to be deficient on the knowledge test. Note: Task elements added to the POA on the basis of being listed on the AKTR may satisfy the other minimum Task element requirements. The missed items on the AKTR are not required to be added in addition to the minimum Task element requirements. There is no expectation for testing every knowledge and risk management element in a Task, but the evaluator has discretion to sample as needed to ensure the applicant's mastery of that Task. Unless otherwise noted in the Task, the evaluator must test each item in the skills section by asking the applicant to perform each one. As safety of flight conditions permit, the evaluator may use questions during flight to test knowledge and risk management elements not evident in the demonstrated skills. To the greatest extent practicable, evaluators shall test the applicant's ability to apply and correlate information, and use rote questions only when they are appropriate for the material being tested. If the Task includes sub-elements (such as PA.I.C.K4c Temperature), the evaluator may select either the primary element (such as K4) or an appropriate sub-element (such as K4c). If the broader primary element is selected, the evaluator must develop questions only from material covered in the references listed for the Task. [back] Possible Outcomes of the Test There are three possible outcomes of the practical test: (1) Temporary Airman Certificate (satisfactory), (2) Notice of Disapproval (unsatisfactory), or (3) Letter of Discontinuance. If the evaluator determines that a Task is incomplete, or the outcome is uncertain, the evaluator may require the applicant to repeat that Task, or portions of that Task. This provision does not mean that instruction, practice, or the repetition of an unsatisfactory Task is permitted during the practical test. If the evaluator determines the applicant's skill and abilities are in doubt, the outcome is unsatisfactory and the evaluator must issue a Notice of Disapproval. [back] Satisfactory Performance Satisfactory performance requires that the applicant: • Demonstrate the Tasks specified in the Areas of Operation for the certificate or rating sought within the established standards; • Demonstrate mastery of the aircraft by performing each Task successfully; • Demonstrate proficiency and competency in accordance with the approved standards; • Demonstrate sound judgment and exercise aeronautical decision-making/risk management; • Demonstrate competence in crew resource management in aircraft certificated for more than one required pilot crew member, or, single-pilot competence in an airplane that is certificated for single- pilot operations. Satisfactory performance will result in the issuance of a temporary certificate. Unsatisfactory Performance If, in the judgment of the evaluator, the applicant does not meet the standards for any Task, the applicant fails the Task and associated Area of Operation. The test is unsatisfactory, and the evaluator issues a Notice of Disapproval. A-9

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