A Good Pilot is Always Learning

Private Pilot Airplane Airmen Certification Standards 6/16

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Page 67 of 96

XI. Night Operations Task 59BTask A. Night Preparation References FAA-H-8083-2, FAA-H-8083-3, FAA-H-8083-25; AIM; POH/AFM Objective To determine that the applicant exhibits satisfactory knowledge, risk management, and skills associated with night operations. Knowledge The applicant demonstrates understanding of: PA.XI.A.K1 1. 1429BPhysiological aspects of night flying as it relates to vision. PA.XI.A.K2 2. 1430BLighting systems identifying airports, runways, taxiways and obstructions, as well as pilot controlled lighting. PA.XI.A.K3 3. 1431BAirplane equipment requirements for night operations. PA.XI.A.K4 4. 1432BAirplane lighting systems: type, interpretation in flight, when to use each lighting system. PA.XI.A.K5 5. 1433BPersonal equipment essential for night flight. PA.XI.A.K6 6. 1434BNight orientation, navigation, and chart reading techniques. PA.XI.A.K7 7. 1435BSafety precautions and emergencies unique to night flying. PA.XI.A.K8 8. 1436BSomatogravic illusion and black hole approach illusion. PA.XI.A.K9 9. 1437BDisorientation that can be experienced in unusual attitudes at night. PA.XI.A.K10 10. 1438BVisual scanning techniques during night operations. PA.XI.A.K11 11. 1439BHazards of inadvertent IMC. Risk Management The applicant demonstrates the ability to identify, assess and mitigate risks, encompassing: PA.XI.A.R1 1. 1440BCollision avoidance, scanning, obstacle and wire strike avoidance. PA.XI.A.R2 2. 1441BImproper planning to avoid terrain PA.XI.A.R3 3. 1442BFailure to manage Tasks during night operations. PA.XI.A.R4 4. 1443BFailure to maintain situational awareness PA.XI.A.R5 5. 1444BEnvironmental considerations at night (e.g., IMC; terrain (roads)). PA.XI.A.R6 6. 1445BFailure to maintain VFR. PA.XI.A.R7 7. 1446BPhysiological aspects of night flying. Skills N/A Note: Not generally evaluated in flight. If the practical test is conducted at night, all ACS tasks are evaluated in that environment, thus there is no need for explicit task elements to exist here. 75

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