A Good Pilot is Always Learning

Private Pilot Airplane Airmen Certification Standards 6/16

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Page 25 of 96

IV. Takeoffs, Landing and Go-Arounds Task 18BTask A. Normal Takeoff and Climb References FAA-H-8083-2, FAA-H-8083-3, FAA-H-8083-23; POH/AFM Objective To determine that the applicant exhibits satisfactory knowledge, risk management, and skills associated with a normal takeoff, climb operations, and rejected takeoff procedures. Note: If a crosswind condition does not exist, the applicant's knowledge of crosswind elements must be evaluated through oral testing. Knowledge The applicant demonstrates understanding of: PA.IV.A.K1 1. 406BTakeoff distance. PA.IV.A.K2 2. 407BTakeoff power. PA.IV.A.K3 3. 408BAtmospheric conditions. PA.IV.A.K4 4. 409BWind conditions and effects. PA.IV.A.K5 5. 410BThe application of V X or V Y and variations with altitude. PA.IV.A.K6 6. 411BThe manufacturer's recommended emergency procedures for relating to the takeoff sequence. Risk Management The applicant demonstrates the ability to identify, assess and mitigate risks, encompassing: PA.IV.A.R1 1. 412BSelection of runway based on wind, pilot capability, and aircraft limitations. PA.IV.A.R2 2. 413BThe demonstrated crosswind component for the aircraft. PA.IV.A.R3 3. 414BWindshear. PA.IV.A.R4 4. 415BTailwind. PA.IV.A.R5 5. 416BWake turbulence. PA.IV.A.R6 6. 417BGo/no-go decision-making. PA.IV.A.R7 7. 418BTask management. PA.IV.A.R8 8. 419BLow-altitude maneuvering. PA.IV.A.R9 9. 420BWire strikes. PA.IV.A.R10 10. 421BObstacles on the departure path. PA.IV.A.R11 11. 422BRecognition of need for rejected takeoff and identification of takeoff abort criteria. PA.IV.A.R12 12. 423BHandling engine failure during takeoff and climb. PA.IV.A.R13 13. 424BCriticality of takeoff distance available. PA.IV.A.R14 14. 425BPlans for engine failure after takeoff. PA.IV.A.R15 15. 426BSterile cockpit environment. Skills The applicant demonstrates the ability to: PA.IV.A.S1 1. 427BVerify ATC clearance and no aircraft is on final before crossing the Hold Line. PA.IV.A.S2 2. 428BVerify aircraft is on the assigned/correct runway. PA.IV.A.S3 3. 429BAscertain wind direction with or without visible wind direction indicators. PA.IV.A.S4 4. 430BDetermining if crosswind component is beyond the pilot's ability or aircraft manufacturer maximum demonstrated value. PA.IV.A.S5 5. 431BPosition the flight controls for the existing wind conditions. PA.IV.A.S6 6. 432BClear the area; taxi into the takeoff position and align the airplane on the runway centerline/takeoff path. PA.IV.A.S7 7. 433BConfirm takeoff power; and proper engine and flight instrument indications prior to rotation: PA.IV.A.S7a a. 1574BRetracts the water rudders, as appropriate, confirm takeoff power and proper engine instrument indications prior to rotation, establishes and maintains the most efficient planning/lift-off attitude, and corrects for porpoising and skipping (ASES, AMES) 25

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