A Good Pilot is Always Learning

Private Pilot Airplane Airmen Certification Standards 6/16

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Page 21 of 96

II. Preflight Procedures Task 13BTask D. Taxiing (ASEL, AMEL) References FAA-H-8083-2, FAA-H-8083-3, FAA-H-8083-25; POH/AFM; AC 91-73; Chart Supplements U.S.; AIM Objective To determine that the applicant exhibits satisfactory knowledge, risk management, and skills associated with safe taxi operations, including runway incursion avoidance. Knowledge The applicant demonstrates understanding of: PA.II.D.K1 1. 291BPositioning aircraft controls for wind. PA.II.D.K2 2. 292BAirport markings, signs, and lights. PA.II.D.K3 3. 293BAircraft lighting. PA.II.D.K4 4. 294BSafe taxi procedures at towered and non-towered airports: PA.II.D.K4a a. 1566BManeuvering PA.II.D.K4b b. 1567BMaintain taxiway/runway alignment PA.II.D.K4c c. 1568BSituational awareness to avoid runway incursions PA.II.D.K4d d. 1569BTaxiing to avoid other aircraft/vehicles and hazards PA.II.D.K5 5. 295BVisual indicators for wind. PA.II.D.K6 6. 296BAirport information resources including Chart Supplements U.S., airport diagrams, and appropriate publications. PA.II.D.K7 7. 297BGood cockpit discipline during taxi, including maintaining a sterile cockpit, proper speed, separation between other aircraft and vehicles, and communication procedures. PA.II.D.K8 8. 298BProcedures for appropriate cockpit activities while taxiing including taxi route planning, briefing the location of Hot Spots, communicating and coordinating with ATC. PA.II.D.K9 9. 299BRules for entering or crossing runways. PA.II.D.K10 10. 300BProcedures unique to night operations. PA.II.D.K11 11. 301BHazards of low visibility operations. PA.II.D.K12 12. 302BProper engine management including leaning, per manufacturer's recommendations. Risk Management The applicant demonstrates the ability to identify, assess and mitigate risks, encompassing: PA.II.D.R1 1. 303BDistractions during aircraft taxi. PA.II.D.R2 2. 304BImproper task management during taxi. PA.II.D.R3 3. 305BConfirmation or expectation bias as related to taxi instructions. PA.II.D.R4 4. 306BTaxi instructions/clearances. PA.II.D.R5 5. 307BImproper resource management. Skills The applicant demonstrates the ability to: PA.II.D.S1 1. 308BPerform a brake check immediately after the airplane begins moving. PA.II.D.S2 2. 309BPosition the flight controls properly for the existing wind conditions. PA.II.D.S3 3. 310BControl direction and speed without excessive use of brakes. PA.II.D.S4 4. 311BControl the airplane during ground operations. PA.II.D.S4a a. 1570BManeuvering PA.II.D.S4b b. 1571BMaintaining taxiway/runway alignment PA.II.D.S4c c. 1572BMaintaining situational awareness to avoid runway incursions PA.II.D.S4d d. 1573BTaxiing to avoid other aircraft/vehicles and hazards PA.II.D.S5 5. 312BExhibit proper positioning of the aircraft relative to hold lines. PA.II.D.S6 6. 313BExhibit procedures to ensure clearances/instructions are received, recorded, and read back correctly. PA.II.D.S7 7. 314BExhibit situational awareness and taxi procedures in the event the aircraft is on a taxiway that is between parallel runways. PA.II.D.S8 8. 315BUse an airport diagram or taxi chart during taxi. PA.II.D.S9 9. 316BComply with airport/taxiway markings, signals, ATC clearances and instructions. PA.II.D.S10 10. Use procedures to minimize pilot workload during taxi operations. PA.II.D.S11 11. Demonstrate briefing procedures to avoid runway incursion. 19

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