A Good Pilot is Always Learning

Human Performance Visual Illusions Awareness

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Human Performance Visual Illusions Awareness Flight Operations Briefing Notes VI.5 VII • • • • − − VIII • Coordination The defined task sharing ensures a continued monitoring of visual and instrument references, throughout the transition to visual references and thereafter (i.e., during a visual approach or during the visual segment of an instrument approach). In known or anticipated hazard conditions, the PNF should reinforce his / her monitoring of instrument references and of flight progress, for an effective cross-check and back-up of the PF. Altitude and excessive-parameter-deviation callouts should be the same for instrument approaches and visual approaches, and should be continued during the visual segment (i.e., including glide slope deviation during an ILS approach or vertical speed deviation during a non-precision approach). In case of a go-around, specific excessive-parameter-deviation callouts should be considered (as indicated in SOPs). Summary of Key Points The following critical keypoints need to be emphasized: Awareness of weather factors; Awareness of surrounding terrain and obstacles; Awareness and assessment of approach hazards (i.e., conditions that may result in visual illusions, such as "black hole"); Adherence to defined PF/PNF task sharing for acquisition of visual references and for flying the visual segment; this includes: Monitoring by PF of outside visual cues while transiently referring to instruments to support and monitor the flight path during the visual segment; and, Monitoring by PNF of head-down cues for effective cross-check and back-up (i.e., for calling any excessive-parameter-deviation). Associated Briefing Notes The following Briefing Notes complement the above discussion on the acquisition of visual references and on visual illusions: Standard Operating Procedures Conducting Effective Briefings • Enhancing Terrain Awareness • Acquisition of Visual References • Flying Visual Approaches • Page 14 of 15

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