A Good Pilot is Always Learning

Private & Commercial Oral Questions

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17. If you carry passengers at night, what must you do to be current? 3 takeoff and 3 landings to a full stop at night in an aircraft of the same category, class and type. 18. If you were flying at night and you were close to an airport, what would you be looking for? The rotating beacon. 19. What color are the lights on the rotating beacon? (civilian airport/military airport) One white, one green / Two white, one green 20. Where do you find information about an airport, what publication? The Airport Facility Directory (AFD) 21. If your airport had VASI lights, how could you use them? Visual Approach Slope Indicator: white over white – too high, red over white – on proper glide path, red over red – too low. (white over white your out of site, red over red your dead, red over white you'll get home tonight) 22. What documents do you need on your person to fly? Pilot's license, current medical certificate and a photo ID. 23. How long is a Class 3 medical good for? (61.23) Two years (24 calendar months) if age 40 or older. Five years (60 calendar months) if under age 40. 24. What are your private pilot privileges and limitations? (61.113) May not carry passengers or property for compensation or hire. 25. What is a flight review? (61.56) A required flight and ground review every 24 calendar months consisting of a minimum of 1 hour ground and 1 hour flight. Must have logbook endorsement from an authorized instructor. 26. Do you need to log flight time? (61.51) Only the flight time needed to show the required training and recent flight experience. 27. What are the various v-speeds for your aircraft? C172: V x = 68, V y = 91, V so = 49, V s1 = 57 , V a = 112 , V fe = 100 , V g = 80 , V no = 145, V ne = 182 28. What is V no and can it be found on the airspeed indicator? V no is the Maximum Structural Cruising Speed. This is the speed not to exceed in rough /turbulent air. It is the top of the green arc on the airspeed indicator. 29. What is Indicated Airspeed? The airspeed you read directly from your airspeed indicator. 30. What is Calibrated Airspeed? Indicated airspeed corrected for instrument installation error. You find calibrated airspeed corrections in the Pilot Operating Handbook (POH). 31. What is True Airspeed? The speed at which you are moving through the air. True airspeed increases 2% for every 1000 feet you are above the ground. 32. What is Groundspeed? How fast you are going across the ground. This is the speed you read off of your GPS. 33. What are the general characteristics in regard to the flow of air around high and low pressure systems in the Northern Hemisphere? Low Pressure – inward, upward and counterclockwise High Pressure – outward, downward and clockwise 34. What is a "trough"? A trough (also called a trough line) is an elongated area of relatively low atmospheric pressure. A low or trough is an area of rising air. Rising air is conducive to cloudiness and precipitation; hence the general association of low pressure and bad weather. 35. What is a "ridge"? A ridge (also called a ridge line) is an elongated area of relatively high atmospheric pressure. These are areas of descending air. Descending air favors dissipation of cloudiness; hence the association of high pressure and good weather. 36. What are "isobars"? An isobar is a line on a weather chart which connects areas of equal pressure or constant barometric pressure.

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