A Good Pilot is Always Learning

Private & Commercial Oral Questions

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Private/Commercial Oral Questions Plan a VFR flight that will utilize the maximum range of the aircraft. The test will be of a practical nature, asking questions based on the practical flight. All answers should be of a conservative nature. Oral Exam Answers: 1. Did your instructor review the areas that you were deficient on your written test? Yes - 2. What are the required aircraft documents that must be on the aircraft? AROW – Airworthiness Certificate, Registration, Operating Limitations, Weight & Balance 3. As part of the documents, you also need all of the decals and placards in place. What are some of these required decals and placards? N-number, compass cards, markings on the instruments, oil pressure & temp gauges 4. If you were renting an aircraft and found it was over 30 hours from a required inspection, would you fly it? How would (or could) you make it where others could not fly it? NO – Remove airworthiness certificate and post a sign in the cockpit stating that the airworthiness certificate has been removed due to the required inspection. 5. Which of the required documents on board an aircraft has to be in view? The Airworthiness Certificate 6. What invalidates the airworthiness certificate? missing or inoperative required equipment, overdue inspections, aircraft damage, missing AROW 7. Tell me about the engine in our airplane. C172 = Lycoming Model O-320-E2D, 150HP. Air cooled, horizontally-opposed, carburetor equipped 4- cylinder engine with a fixed pitch propeller. 8. What are the required maintenance items and inspections? (91.409) Annual every 12 calendar months, 100 hour if aircraft is provided for rental/flight instruction, transponder every 24 calendar months, ELT battery every 12 calendar months. 9. What are the required ELT inspections and logbook entries? (91.207) Inspect every 12 calendar months for proper installation, battery corrosion, operation of the crash sensor and signal from antenna. The new expiration date of the battery must be legibly marked on the outside of the transmitter and entered in the aircraft maintenance logbook. (91.207) 10. If your ELT was broken and you took it out, can you still fly? (91.207F) YES - if you are training and remain within 50 nautical miles from which such local flight operations began. 11. What frequency does the ELT transmit on? 121.5 – emergency frequency 12. What are AD's and how are they logged? (know where to find them in your logbooks) Airworthiness Directives – legally enforceable rules and instructions, issued by the FAA to correct an unsafe condition in airplanes, engines, propellers and appliances. 13. Are there any recurring AD's? (know where to find this in the AD compliance record) Yes, there is one recurring AD for the C172. It is the front seat rails. 14. How much night flight is required for the PP Practical Test? 61.109) 3 hours 15. How many night takeoff and landings are required? (61.109) 10 16. What are the private pilot requirements – licenses, logbook entries and recent flight experience? Must have pilot's licenses, current medical and photo ID in your presence. Must have accomplished and received a logbook endorsement for a flight review within the past 24 calendar months, must have made 3 takeoff and 3 landings in an aircraft of the same category, class and type within the past 90 days to carry passengers. (61.57)

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